An Introduction to Colombian Coffee



Though approximately 65 countries of the world grow coffee commercially, it is usually Colombian coffee that most people think of when they consider a mug of the popular beverage. This is because its coffee is regarded so highly for its exquisite taste and high quality production standards. It is also memorable for its marketing campaigns and the famous “Juan Valdez” character created by the National Federation of Colombian Coffee Growers in 1959 which was used as a regular advertising slogan from that point to the present.

The Arabica and Robusta Coffee Plants

There are two species of coffee plants, the Arabica and the Robusta and it is primarily the Arabica used in the production of this coffee. Though it is Brazil the supplies around 40% of the coffee beans in the commercial market, it still comes in second place to Columbia’s 12% of the coffee market by value. This means that this coffee is not providing anywhere near the same poundage as its closest competition, but the beans it does produce sell for a great deal more.

The Different Varieties

There are two distinct varieties of coffee grown in Columbia, the MAM type and the mountain coffees of Bogota and Bucaramanga. The first is known as a superior blend with incredible flavor, while the mountain varieties are considered to be among the least acidic of all coffees and rich in flavor as well.

Other Blends and Roasting Methods

Because the flavors of this coffee are so well-known and popular there are literally hundreds of commercial blends touting the inclusion of this popular coffee in the mix. There are also roasting methods that are connected to the flavor, color and aroma of this coffee as well, and these too tend to be among the most popular on the market.

Exporting

Today, nearly 80% of all coffee grown in Columbia is exported, and the leading countries that import the beans include the United States, Germany and Japan, among others.

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